How to start a business in Estonia

Company registration (most commonly in the form of "osauhing") in Estonia is straightforward and with a digital ID can be done 100% online. A digital ID can be the e-residency card, temporary residence card or a normal ID card (for citizens and also EU citizens residing in Estonia). A company can be started online also with a Finnish and Latvia ID card. The company registration portal is here: However, in practice there are a few important things you need to consider before creating a company and also things to think about to be able to run the company smoothly afterwards. Please bear in mind that liquidating a company is far from as easy a

How can e-residency be used to apply for Estonian residency

The Estonian e-residency programme is not meant to give people any rights regarding physical residency and the e-residency card is not a valid travel document. There are however several ways how e-residency can be used to pursue actual temporary residency of Estonia - whether based on employment or business. When it comes to applying for a temporary residence permit based on employment, you could do it by being employed by your own company. There are 2 options - as a regular employee carrying out specific duties (i.e front-end developer) or as a management board member for your company. For the first option, the Unemployment Fund of Estonia needs to give their approval (not very difficult).

Closing an Estonian company

Creating a company (osaühing or OU) is easy and can take a few minutes online. However, getting rid of it can take a bit longer. If you cannot sell your company, voluntary dissolution/liquidation is another option. The law prescribes strict deadlines for different stages that have to be followed even if you have not had any economic activity. The first step is for the owner or owners to take a formal decision to liquidate and a liquidator has to be appointed. This decision then has to be reflected in the Commercial Register. The next step is to publish the liquidation notice in the portal: and call for all creditors to come forward with their possible clai

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